Install Latest Node JS on Linux Properly

featured-image

Some times when you install Node JS through package manager, it fetches LTS version which is the stable one but old. The worst nightmare is npm installation, It will install older version which causes many errors for most of the projects bacause most projects use latest version. So to avoid fucking things happening, you should install nodejs manually by downloading linux binary archive.

Get The Binaries

First download the linux binary archive (Linux Binaries (Your Platform)) from official website. By the time of writing this post, it was at v12.7.0.

Extract The Binaries

Unzip the binary archive to any directory where you want to install Node. In my case i am using /usr/local/lib/nodejs.

sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/lib/nodejs

# Please chage version & platform according to yours
sudo tar -xJvf node-v12.7.0-linux-x64.tar.xz -C /usr/local/lib/nodejs

Set Env. Variable

Set the environment variable in ~/.bashrc by adding below lines to the end of the file.

# Node JS
VERSION=v12.7.0
DISTRO=linux-x64
export PATH="/usr/local/lib/nodejs/node-$VERSION-$DISTRO/bin:$PATH"

Now refresh the ~/.bashrc to reload the changes:

source ~/.bashrc

Test Installation

To check enter below commands:

Below is my sample output:

$ node -v
v12.7.0
$ npm version
{
  npm: '6.10.0',
  ares: '1.15.0',
  brotli: '1.0.7',
  cldr: '35.1',
  http_parser: '2.8.0',
  icu: '64.2',
  llhttp: '1.1.4',
  modules: '72',
  napi: '4',
  nghttp2: '1.39.1',
  node: '12.7.0',
  openssl: '1.1.1c',
  tz: '2019a',
  unicode: '12.1',
  uv: '1.30.1',
  v8: '7.5.288.22-node.16',
  zlib: '1.2.11'
}
$ npx -v
6.10.0

Today (Mon 25 Nov 00:57:47 IST 2019), I was installing nodemon as global dependency in my machine and it asked me to run npm install nodemon -g as super user, in fact all the global deps do need to install to the system rather then to the project folder. But when i run with sudo it was unable to find npm and same for node node. Reason was simple, there was no usr/bin/node neither npm. So we need to symlink our installation folder to /usr/bin/.

To do that execute below commands:

sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/nodejs/node-$VERSION-$DISTRO/bin/node /usr/bin/node
sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/nodejs/node-$VERSION-$DISTRO/bin/npm /usr/bin/npm
sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/nodejs/node-$VERSION-$DISTRO/bin/npx /usr/bin/npx

Thanks for reading this post.

o EOP o